The Cabinet of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
The Cabinet of the Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is one of the three branches of the government constituted according to articles 71, 70 and 3 of the Constitution of Afghanistan. The Cabinet is created for the purpose of realizing goals of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan such as protection of Independence, territorial integrity, safeguarding the interests and stature of Afghanistan in International Community, ensuring public order and safety, combatting corruption, organizing government finances, protecting public properties, drawing up social, development, cultural, economic, and technological plans. The Cabinet functions in accordance with Islam and enacted laws of the country while complying with democratic values.
The Cabinet meeting of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is the highest decision-making and executive authority. According to article 71 of the Constitution of Afghanistan, the Government headed by the President is formed by Ministers, thus the President chairs Cabinet meetings. The members of Cabinet meetings include the First and Second Vice-Presidents, high-ranking officials from the Chief Executive Department and other high-ranking government officials. The Cabinet is a consultative and decision-making body where important issues are discussed and effective, valuable and expert ideas are exchanged which lead to the development and prosperity of our country.
As stipulated in the enacted laws of the country, the Cabinet is entrusted with legislation of more than 197 economic, social, and political laws. Also, the Cabinet of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan annually analyzes the budget of the government in order to manage the finances and ensure balance in allocation of budget to the provinces for development. After analysis, the budget is approved and mechanisms are devised to satisfy budgetary shortages and augment revenues. The Cabinet also approves and agrees on execution of comprehensive social, economic, cultural and development policies which are prepared by members of the Cabinet. They also discuss and approve legislative documents culminating in social empowerment. The Cabinet also discusses foreign policies adopted to manage affairs with friendly countries in accordance with international treaties and after discussions the Cabinet approves the International treaties in conformity with the legislative laws of the country.
Additionally, the Cabinet of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan discusses those issues which are beyond the authority of the ministries as laid down in the enacted laws of the country. The Cabinet holds meetings during emergencies and exceptional cases to discuss important national and international issues.